1. Interfaces
  2. WebSockets


Built-in WebSockets interface to manage real-time communications between your app and client browsers.

Ampt provides a simple interface to interact with WebSocket connections to your app. Your app's websocket is available at it's url, but using the wss:// protocol instead of https://.

Interact with WebSockets using the "ws" interface of the @ampt/sdk.

Listening for Events

There are three main events you can define listeners for using the ws interface: 'connected', 'disconnected' and 'message'. Every handler is passed a SocketConnection instance that includes the connection ID and metadata for new connections.

import { ws } from "@ampt/sdk"; ws.on("connected", (connection: SocketConnection) => { // handle connection }); ws.on("disconnected", (connection: SocketConnection, reason?: string) => { // handle disconnect }); ws.on("message", (connection: SocketConnection, data: string | Object) => { // handle incoming message // if the message content is JSON formatted, it is automatically parsed and passed as an object. });

Managing Connections

Ampt provides the websocket interface, but it is up to the developer to manage the incoming connections. This can be done with any persisted data interface, below is an example using @ampt/data:


Using @ampt/data to manage connections can lead to connection states being deleted when using the import --overwrite command in Sandbox environments. Eventually, Ampt will optionally manage your active connections for you.

import { ws } from "@ampt/sdk"; import { data } from "@ampt/data"; type LatLong = { lat: number long: number } ws.on('connected', async (connection: SocketConnection) => { const { connectionId, meta } = connection; const { connectedAt, queryStringParams } = meta; await data.set(`connection:${connectionId}`, { connectionId, connectedAt, username: queryStringParams?.name, }); }); ws.on('disconnected', async (connection: SocketConnection, reason?: string) => { await data.remove(`connection:${connection.connectionId}`); }); ws.on<LatLong>('message', async (connection: SocketConnection, data: LatLong) => { const { connectionId } = connection const existingConnection = await data.get(`connection:${connectionId}`); const { lat, long } = data; if (existingConnection) { await data.set(`current_location:${existingConnection.username}`, { lat, long, }); } });

Closing connections just requires the connection ID.

import { ws } from "@ampt/sdk"; // ... other handlers ws.on("message", async (connection, data) => { if (data?.disconnectMe) { await ws.close(connection.connectionId); // or await connection.close(); } });

Or if you want to close all connections:

// .. in some handler const connections = await data.get("connection:*"); await ws.close(connections.map((item) => item.value.connectionId));

Sending Messages

To send messages to clients, all that is required is the connection ID. Either a string or an object can be passed as data:

ws.on("connected", async (connection) => { await ws.send(connection.connectionId, "Welcome to Ampt WebSockets!"); // or await ws.send(connection.connectionId, { message: "Welcome to Ampt WebSocket!", }); // or await connection.send("Welcome to Ampt WebSockets!"); });

Depending on the client implementation, messages received in JSON format will need to be parsed.

By default, ws.send will throw an error if the provided connectionId is no longer connected. If you'd like to omit this error, set it in the function's options param:

ws.on('connected', async (connection) => { try { await ws.send(connection.connectionId, "Welcome to Ampt WebSockets!", { throwIfNotConnected: false }); } catch (e: InvalidConnectionError) { console.log("You won't see this") } });

If your connection representation is out of sync, you can check if a client is still connected with .isConnected()

ws.on("connected", async (connection) => { const { connectionId } = connection; if (await ws.isConnected(connectionId)) { await ws.send(connectionId, "Welcome to Ampt WebSockets!"); } else { console.log(`Connection ${connectionId} is not connected!`); } });

Connection from a Client

You can connect to your Ampt App's websocket with any websocket library/utility.

Using wscat

wscat -c wss://your-app-url.ampt.app

Or in the browser:

const websocket = new WebSocket('wss://your-app-url.ampt.app') websocket.on('open', () => { console.log('Connected to Ampt WS') })



WebSocket connection attempts will be rejected with a status code of 403 if your Sandbox Environment is not currently active.

Environment TypeBurst Limit (concurrent requests)Rate Limit (messages per second)

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